Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer affecting men in the United States. Although prostate cancer can be frightening, with early detection, the condition is highly treatable. At the Center for Urology in Altamonte Springs, Florida, board-certified urologist Abraham Lincoln Woods III, MD, provides accurate diagnoses and comprehensive prostate cancer treatment. Dr. Woods has over 30 years of experience treating urological conditions and is equipped to address your anxieties as well as your condition. To schedule your visit with Dr. Woods, call the office today or book your appointment online.

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The prostate gland is a small structure below the bladder responsible for producing fluid for semen. Prostate cancer refers to the presence of cancerous cells or tumors in the prostate gland.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

In the early stages, prostate cancer typically shows no signs. As the condition progresses, certain signs and symptoms may arise, including:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Lower back pain
  • Bone pain
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Blood in the semen

Early detection is key to successfully treating prostate cancer. If you experience concerning symptoms, book an appointment with Dr. Woods to receive a proper evaluation.

What causes prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer occurs when the cells in your prostate develop abnormally. The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, although a number of risk factors are closely linked to the condition. These include:

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Obesity

Prostate cancer is also common among African American men. A major part of managing your risk for prostate cancer is getting regular screenings.

The American Cancer Society recommends discussing prostate screening with your doctor if you’re 45 and at high risk or over 50.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

A number of tests are used to screen for prostate cancer. The first test Dr. Woods may perform is a digital rectal exam using a gloved finger or a prostate-specific antigen test using a sample of your blood.

If either of those tests shows an abnormality, Dr. Woods may order additional testing such as an ultrasound, biopsy, or MRI fusion.

How is prostate cancer treated?

If you’re diagnosed with prostate cancer, the first step is determining the aggressiveness of the cancer cells. Dr. Woods uses the Prolaris® test to produce accurate and reliable results.

Treatment depends on how quickly the cells are growing and how far the condition is spreading. If you’re diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer, treatment may not be necessary right away. Dr. Woods may opt for active surveillance, monitoring your condition with regular testing.

Treatment options for prostate cancer include:

Radioactive seeds (implants)

Radioactive seeds are implants placed near the prostate gland that deliver radiation directly to the prostate gland.

Hormonal treatment

Cancer cells rely on testosterone to grow. Hormone treatment stops your body from producing testosterone, causing the cancer cells to die off.


Cryotherapy is used to freeze and kill cancerous cells. Cryotherapy is often performed when other methods have been unsuccessful.


GAINSWave, or penile shock wave therapy, is used to restore sexual functions in men who experienced erectile dysfunction after prostate cancer treatment.

During your appointment, you and Dr. Woods discuss the right treatment based on your condition, personal health, and medical history. To learn more about your options for safe and effective prostate cancer treatment, call or book an appointment online today.